The Connection between Blood Sugar and Eye Problems

Diabetes is a major public health problem that is approaching epidemic proportions in the United States and globally. It’s a disease that occurs when your blood sugar is too high. The excess blood sugar can wreak havoc on blood vessels throughout the body and cause damage to important body parts, including your eyes.

Complications from diabetes that affect the eyes is called diabetic retinopathy – a condition caused by damage to the blood vessels of the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. At the offices of Retina Group of Washington – Maryland – Chevy Chase, our highly-skilled eye specialists are well equipped to diagnose and treat ocular conditions such diabetic retinopathy, helping to maintain healthy vision for all our patients.

Diabetic retinopathy develops gradually, as the excess sugar levels in the blood eventually lead to a blockage of the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina, cutting off its blood supply. As a result, the eye attempts to grow new blood vessels, but they don’t develop properly and can leak easily.

In its initial stages, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems, but as the condition progresses, symptoms can include blurred vision, floaters (spots), vision loss, and dark or empty areas in your vision. Left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness.

Treatment depends largely on the condition’s type and severity but is geared toward slowing or stopping progression of the condition. Some types can be managed with good blood sugar control; in more advanced cases, surgical treatment may be necessary.

Your trusted partner in care

At the office of Retina Group of Washington – Maryland – Chevy Chase, we’re dedicated to providing the highest quality of skilled and compassionate eye care. For more information on our office and the many services we provide, give us a call today.